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Type 1 Diabetes and Insulin: A Winning Combination

In the past, type 1 diabetes has been called juvenile diabetes, because it frequently makes its appearance in the lives of children and teenagers. A diagnosis of type 1 diabetes usually happens during childhood or adolescence, or into early adulthood.

Type 1 diabetes may be an autoimmune disorder. It is often seen to run in families, from one generation to the next, so it seems to have a genetic element. Kidshealth.org offers the information that 13,000 American young people learn that they have type 1 diabetes annually.

People with type 1 diabetes will need to be able to access a supply of synthetic insulin throughout their lifetimes in order to survive. This can be administered by a variety of means, such as by needle, insulin pen, or insulin pump.

Insulin is a hormone that is needed for the body to be able to utilize glucose (sugar) that is in the blood, which will rise after you eat. But without insulin, the glucose won’t be able to exit the bloodstream into the cells that need it for survival. The body doesn’t get its glucose and the blood sugar levels become too high.

When blood sugar levels are too low, the diabetic can start to sweat or shake. Headaches, physical weakness and heart palpitations may ensue. A normal blood sugar level is considered to be 70 mg/dL.

The high blood sugar levels that are the other side of the up and down blood-sugar-life with type 1 diabetes occur due to dysfunctional pancreatic beta cells. Healthy beta cells manufacture insulin, which allows glucose to enter the body’s cells, to be later drawn on for energy.

When a person’s beta cells are not able to create sufficient insulin, that person will have type 1 diabetes, and glucose will be unable to exit the blood and find its way into the cells.

The Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia cautions that type 1 diabetes can cause nausea or vomiting, dry skin and mouth, or fruity-scented breath. Rapid breathing and stomach pain may also be indicators of type 1 diabetes.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes might be unexplained weight loss, fatigue, and a frequent need to urinate. A person with type 1 diabetes may experience excessive thirst or hunger, and loss of feeling in the feet. Eyesight may become blurred.

Life with type 1 diabetes presents some serious, ongoing challenges. Monitoring blood sugar levels is essential to preserve health. But keeping track of blood sugar and controlling it with the use of insulin makes all the difference.

 

Sources:

Type 1 Diabetes: Life-Long Monitoring of Blood Glucose Essential

http://www.empowher.com/diabetes-type-1/content/type-1-diabetes-life-long-monitoring-blood-glucose-essential

Type 1 Diabetes: What Is It? Kidshealth.org.

http://kidshealth.org/parent/medical/endocrine/type1.html

What are the Differences Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

http://www.empowher.com/diabetes/content/what-are-differences-between-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes

MedlinePlus Medical Encyclopedia. Type 1 Diabetes.

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000305.htm

 

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Category: Featured Articles, Type 1 Diabetes, Types of Diabetes

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